Seth Oldmixon from Liberty South Asia moderated the event. The decision of the Mamata Banerjee government is significant. Apart from rising in the alphabetical hierarchy of the states, the name change marks the formalisation of a reality.
A leading Pakistani Hindu group has expressed concern over the forced conversion and marriage of young Hindu girls to Muslim men in the country's southern Sindh province.
At around 7 pm, the protesters, who claimed to be members of Shiv Sena and Hindu Sena, staged the protest but were removed by police. Over the decades, these erstwhile refugees have not only been seamlessly integrated but many have risen spectacularly. Today, the greatest challenge to the future of national harmony, sanity and a secular life in this multi-religious and multi-cultural country of ours is the Citizenship Amendment Act CAA We need to appreciate why.
On the NDA government's performance, Swamy said it has done many good works in the last four years and people would bring it back to power to fulfil the unaccomplished tasks.
Keeping cultures alive: Sindhis and Hindus in Chile
They projected themselves to be part of the Arab Middle East rather than the geographical entity rooted in the Indian sub-continent. Have you read these stories? ET NOW.
Brand Solutions. Reshape Tomorrow Tomorrow is different. Let's reshape it today. TomorrowMakers Let's get smarter about money. The Leprosy Mission Trust India. Corning Gorilla Glass TougherTogether. ET Power Talks. All News Videos Photos. Name change admits a reality: There's no rewind to one Bengal 04 Sep, Shiv Sena activists disrupt performance by Pakistan Sufi singer 17 Mar, View: Citizenship Bill aims to give dignity denied to Partition victims in east 06 Oct, Kodnani can rejoin politics: Nitin Patel 21 Apr, View: Time for Pakistan to resolve its identity crisis 13 Sep, Hindus in UP district observe Ramzan fast 20 Jun, Browse Companies:.Located in the southeast of the country, it is the home of the Sindhi people.
Sindh is bordered by Balochistan province to the west and Punjab province to the north. Sindh also borders the Indian states of Gujarat and Rajasthan to the east and Arabian Sea to the south. Sindh's landscape consists mostly of alluvial plains flanking the Indus Riverthe Thar desert in the eastern portion of the province closest to the border with India and the Kirthar Mountains in the western part of Sindh. Sindh has Pakistan's second largest economywhile its provincial capital Karachi is Pakistan's largest city and financial hub, and hosts the headquarters of several multinational banks.
Sindh is home to a large portion of Pakistan's industrial sector and contains two of Pakistan's commercial seaports, Port Bin Qasim and the Karachi Port. The remainder of Sindh has an agriculture based economy and produces fruits, food consumer items and vegetables for the consumption of other parts of the country.
Sindh is known for its distinct culture which is strongly influenced by Sufisman important marker of Sindhi identity for both Hindus Sindh has Pakistan's highest percentage of Hindu residents  and Muslims in the province. The word Sindh is derived from the Sanskrit term Sindhu literally meaning "river"which is a reference to Indus River. Southworth suggests that the name Sindhu is in turn derived from Cintuthe Proto-Dravidian word for date palma tree commonly found in Sindh. The ancient Iranians referred to everything east of the river Indus as hind.
Sindh's first known village settlements date as far back as BC. Permanent settlements at Mehrgarhcurrently in Balochistanto the west expanded into Sindh. This culture blossomed over several millennia and gave rise to the Indus Valley Civilization around BC. The Indus Valley Civilization rivalled the contemporary civilizations of Ancient Egypt and Mesopotamia in size and scope, numbering nearly half a million inhabitants at its height with well-planned grid cities and sewer systems.
The primitive village communities in Balochistan were still struggling against a difficult highland environment, a highly cultured people were trying to assert themselves at Kot Diji.
This was one of the most developed urban civilizations of the ancient world. The people had a high standard of art and craftsmanship and a well-developed system of quasi-pictographic writing which remains un-deciphered. The ruins of the well planned towns, the brick buildings of the common people, roads, public baths and the covered drainage system suggest a highly organized community. According to some accounts, there is no evidence of large palaces or burial grounds for the elite.
The grand and presumably holy site might have been the great bath, which is built upon an artificially created elevation. Skeletons discovered in the ruins of Moan Jo Daro "mount of dead" were thought to indicate that the city was suddenly attacked and the population was wiped out,  but further examinations showed that the marks on the skeletons were due to erosion and not of violence. The region remained under control of Greek satraps for only a few decades.
Mauryan rule ended in BC with the overthrow of the last king by the Shunga Dynasty. In the disorder that followed, Greek rule returned when Demetrius I of Bactria led a Greco-Bactrian invasion of India and annexed most of the northwestern lands, including Sindh.
Demetrius was later defeated and killed by a usurper, but his descendants continued to rule Sindh and other lands as the Indo-Greek Kingdom. Kushans under Kanishka were great patrons of Buddhism and sponsored many building projects for local beliefs. The Kushan Empire was defeated in the mid 3rd century AD by the Sassanid Empire of Persia, who installed vassals known as the Kushanshahs in these far eastern territories.Sindhi Hindus are Sindhi people who follow the Hindu religion and who originate from the Sindh region of modern Pakistanwhich was previously a part of pre-partition India.
After the Partition of India duringmany Sindhi Hindus were among those forced out of Pakistan, which was predominately Muslim, to India, in what was a wholesale exchange of Hindu and Muslim populations in some areas.
Some later emigrated from the sub-continent and settled in other parts of the world. Even though there census listed 2. Hinduism in the Sindh region, as in other areas of the Indian Subcontinentwas the earliest religion predominantly practiced. Later the area and much of the north of the subcontinent, became dominated by Muslims.
The region of Sindh has historically been and still is, home to the largest community of Hindus in Pakistan. Following the Arab Muslim conquest in the 8th century, Islam spread throughout the region and became the faith practiced by the majority of Sindhi people.
Islam, coupled with traditional influences and interaction with Hinduism, has shaped the diverse Sindhi culture. After the partition of India inan estimated half of Sindh's Hindus migrated to Indiaoften forced by the religious-based persecution of the time.
They settled primarily in neighbouring Kutch district of Gujaratwhich bears linguistic and cultural similarities to Sindh, and the city of Mumbai. As per Census of Indiathere are around 2, Sindhi speakers living in India. Most Sindhi Hindu family names are a modified form of a patronymic and typically end with the suffix "-ani"which is used to denote descent from a common male ancestor.
One explanation states that the -ani suffix is a Sindhi variant of 'anshi', derived from the Sanskrit word 'ansh', which means 'descended from' see: Devanshi. The first part of a Sindhi Hindu surname is usually derived from the name or location of an ancestor. In northern Sindh, surnames ending in 'ja' meaning 'of' are also common. A person's surname would consist of the name of his or her native village, followed by 'ja'. From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia.
Sindhi Hindus Total population c. Main article: Sindhis in India. Main article: List of Sindhi people. The Express Tribune. Retrieved 29 January Retrieved 12 September Decentering Translation Studies: India and Beyond.
John Benjamins Publishing Company.After the partition of India inmost Sindhi Hindus and Sindhi Sikhs migrated to the newly formed Dominion of India and other parts of the world. Today, ethnic Sindhis are both in India and Pakistan. Sindhi Muslim culture is highly influenced by Sufi doctrines and principles. This civilisation helped shape subsequent cultures in South Asia. For several centuries in the first millennium B. Sindh was one of the earliest regions to be conquered by the Arabs and influenced by Islam  after AD.
Before this period, it was heavily Hindu, and Buddhist. HabbariSoomraSammaArghun dynasties ruled Sindh.
The two main and highest ranked tribes of Sindh are the Soomro — descendants of the Soomro Dynastywho ruled Sindh during — A. These tribes belong to the same blood line. Closely related to the Sindhi Rajputs are the Jats of Sindhwho are found mainly in the Indus delta region.
However, tribes are of little importance in Sindh as compared to in Punjab and Balochistan. Identity in Sindh is mostly based on a common ethnicity. With Sindh's stable prosperity and its strategic geographical position, it was subject to successive conquests by foreign empires.
In A. Sindh produced many Muslim scholars early on, "men whose influence extended to Iraq where the people thought highly of their learning", in particular in hadith with the likes of poet Abu al- 'Ata Sindhi d.
Muslim Sindhis tend to follow the Sunni Hanafi fiqh with a substantial minority being Shia Ithna 'ashariyah. Sufism has left a deep impact on Sindhi Muslims and this is visible through the numerous Sufi shrines which dot the landscape of Sindh. Hinduism along with Buddhism was the predominant religion in Sindh before the Arab Islamic conquest. Hyderabad is the largest centre of Sindhi Hindus in Pakistanwith ,—, living there. Hindus in Sindh were concentrated in the cities before the creation of Pakistan induring which many migrated to India according to Ahmad Hassan Dani.
Hindus were also spread over Sindh province. The Cities and towns of Sindh were dominated by the Hindus. The Sindhi diaspora emigrated from India and Pakistan is significant.No matter what time someone turned up, even if it was unannounced, a glass of water had to be accompanied with papad. It was customary and almost insulting not to do so. Now, we may not carry it in flights, but papad is to us what theplas are to Gujaratis. Breakfast, lunch, dinner or chai, there really is no ideal time to eat it.
The irony is that the same papad that is often made fun of, secured many livelihoods during Partition, when Hindu Sindhis migrated from Sindh to India in search of home. They arrived in the country nearly empty-handed, but for several, the art of making papad came to the rescue. Savoury and piquant with hints of dill and pepper—the perfect papad crumbles in your mouth like a wafer, but as you munch, it softens lending it a slightly gummy texture.
Papads made either from pure urad turn out too flat and cracker-crisp. Women and children got together in their courtyards, rolling the dough into wafer-thin sheets, and then laid it out to dry. But it was more than just a snack. My grandfather who was an Ayurveda hakim would tell me that papad—because it is high in salt—would help replenish the sodium lost in your body after perspiring.
Since Sindh was very hot, everyone who came over was served papad before a glass of water. Sundri Parchani, who holds a PhD in Sindhi linguistics. Parchani moved from Sindh to Ajmer when she was a young child. Even after Partition, her family held on to the ritual of making the flatbread at home. We made it with simple ingredients that were available to us like split watana dal and channa dal. A few years later, Parchani moved to Chennai, and the tradition continued, with the help of her South Indian neighbours who loved making and eating a variation to papaddums.
Even plain white rice is laced with ghee. My grandfather used to say papad after a meal would act as a blotting paper and absorb the oil. From tiny door-to-door businesses, the papad industry started metamorphosing into a behemoth between the s and 90s.
Thousands of Sindhi refugees set up their homes in the military barracks of Ulhasnagar and Kalyan, among other parts of India. The two cities on the outskirts of Mumbai have now become hubs of the multi-million dollar Sindhi papad-making business. The Sindhi diaspora reserves kilos of space in their bags for papad from on their visits to the country. We eat it at all times and with almost anything. We crush it over our khichdi and pair it with spicy chutney.
My year-old grandmother, who also spent her summers making papad when she migrated to India, swears by the store for her supplies. In those days, the store did not sell ready papads, but it had supplies to make them.
However, papad-making became just another tradition we lost along the way. Passari, too, started selling ready-made papads a few years later. Today, the shop, run by the third and fourth generation, is also famous for its other fried Sindhi delights, including rice kachrees crisps made of rice flourphoolpatasha dried lotus seedsvaris sundried lentil cake and kheecha papade made of rice.
His father, too, was an Ayurvedic hakim in Hyderabad, Pakistan who migrated to India and started an essentials store.POPULATION OF SINDHIS IN INDIA - LTSB WITH NISCHAY KALRA - #stayhome with #sindhifilmfestival
My mother used to make the papads we sold initially at Rs5. Inthe business flourished and Parwani even started exporting papad to different parts of the world, including Canada, the U. Today, his reach has extended to many more countries. I used to feel embarrassed about it. But today, I am proud of it. Papad has become more than just our daily bread, in terms of earning and eating.Ongoing threats to life and property in Pakistan, compounded by the abduction, conversion and forced marriage of girls, continue to drive thousands to India.
To say Hindu roots in Sindh—now in Pakistan—are deep is an understatement: a large part of the Indus Valley civilization, including Mohenjo-Daro, was located here. Hindus lived in harmony with their Muslim neighbors until the horrors resulting from Partition, which spared few.
Those who remained—many too poor to flee—made the best of an uneasy situation, but an increasingly hostile environment is steadily forcing their descendants to escape to the safety of India.
Once across the border, though, they endure an uncertain life for years in Rajasthan and other states. Here we tell two stories: of those who settled last century in Bhopal and those who have come since to Jodhpur. Lavina Melwani is a journalist who writes for several international publications.
She blogs at Lassi with Lavina. They were converted to Islam and forced into marriage with Muslim men. The same report says 1, Hindu girls are converted to Islam in Pakistan every year. They vanish, then reappear with Islamic names, married to Muslim men.
Legislation to outlaw forced conversion was shelved by the Sindh legislative assembly in after protests from conservative Muslim groups. Almost always, the girl complies, and not long afterward, she is brought to a local court, where a judge, usually a Muslim, rubber-stamps the conversion and marriage, according to Hindu community members who have attended such hearings. Often the young Muslim man is accompanied by backers armed with rifles. Gut-wrenching experiences like these have caused thousands to leave home in search of spiritual freedom, security and justice for their daughters.
It is estimated that at least 10, Hindu Sindhis have fled to India in just the last seven years. Even 72 years after Partition, daily life remains traumatic for many Hindu Sindhi families in Pakistan. Their religious freedom and their ability to embrace their spiritual culture and traditions remain in jeopardy. They endure persecution, scarce ways to earn a living as a minority in an Islamic country, and the danger of their young daughters being kidnapped and pushed into forced marriage and conversion to Islam.
For Hindu Sindhis, Partition has never ended. Even today they struggle for their basic human rights to pray to their God and bring up their children in the ways of their forefathers. We are happy here. At least here we know that no one will steal our cattle or our daughters.Wash it off in the morning and you should get cured. Yes No Not Helpful 2 Helpful 6 I sweat all day. The article says to wash your face when you sweat, but I can't constantly wash my face.
Stick to washing your face twice a day, even if you sweat in between washes. As you said, you can't wash your face continually, but it's still important to wash as much of the dirt, grime, and sweat off your face as possible. Yes No Not Helpful 0 Helpful 2 I am a 15-year-old boy with acne that is severe, but not too severe, on my face.
Keeping cultures alive: Sindhis and Hindus in Chile
How should I be washing my face properly to clear my skin. Eezzaa You need to apply turmeric, baking soda and apple cider vinegar. Wash it off in the morning. If the colour of turmeric does not come out you need to wash it with baking soda and white vinegar.
Yes No Not Helpful 4 Helpful 7 200 characters left Already answered Not a question Bad question Other Tips Even after your acne disappears, continue your routine.
Acne can continue coming back well after puberty. Exfoliate every four days with a scrub to get rid of dead skin cells. You don't have to rub the whole time but it helps. The most effective final rinse is to fill dealership closing letter format sink with warm water and soak your skin while rubbing it gently until the cleanser is gone.
Plunge your face in the water. If you used a lot of cleanser, you may need to repeat the rinse. Rinse once more using cold water to close your pores. Some people prefer a toner for this last step. Any cleanser residue simply contributes to the next round of oil and dirt accumulation. This procedure is most effective if done in the morning and evening. Watch out for reddened skin or rebound oil production. These are clear signs you need a gentler cleanser. The gentlest cleansers on the market can clean the oiliest skin more effectively than the harshest.